Monday, October 21, 2019

Definitions Doric Order and Entablature Essay

Definitions Doric Order and Entablature Essay Definitions: Doric Order and Entablature Essay Abacus: the upper part of a column where a horizontal beam rests upon a row of columns. Ashlar masonry: Pre-cut, tooled, and polished square blocks of stone. Architrave: The lowest part of 3 horizontal components of a classical entablature. Capital: Top part of a column about the shaft. Caryatid: A female figure supporting entablature and serving as a column. Chaitya Hall: In Buddhist architecture of India, any site that contains a stupa. Clerestory: The upper most part of a wall or building that is pierced by a window opening to let light in. Corbeled Arch: Masonry constructed over an opening by a series of courses projecting from each side and stepped progressively further inwards until they meet at midpoint. Cornice: The uppermost, projecting portion of an entablature, also the molding of a building or wall. Cuneiform: The system of Mesopotamia writing in which wedge-shaped characters were incised into clay tablets. Doric order: A system of architecture that coordinates columns Engaged column: A column embedded or attached to a wall Entablature: The upper, horizontal part of a classical order supported by columns of architrave, frieze, and cornice. Entasis: Means stretching. It’s the swelling of a classical column as it tapers towards the top and creates an illusion Frieze: Part of the entablature that lies between the architrave and the cornice. Sometimes decorated in sculptural reliefs. Fresco: Water-soluble pigments are applied to fresh or wet plaster. Geomancy: Selecting a building site by determining whether natural features lead the architecture to be in harmony with unforeseen forces. Hypostyle Hall: A large hall featuring a flat roof supported by rows and rows of columns. Ionic order: ionic is characterized by scroll-shaped elements in the capitals, bases supporting columns, and continuous frieze. Mandala: a mystical diagram of the cosmos. Mastaba: Derived

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